This course aims to provide you with a knowledgeable and critical understanding of nutrition as central to clinical and preventive paediatrics and child health. An evidence-based approach is taken to explain the main priorities in applied nutrition relevant to low-resource settings, in both hospital and community settings.
You will learn about nutrition and health in the context of the mother and child, focusing on issues related to foetal growth, breast milk, and breastfeeding. You will also explore how changes in maternal behaviour can benefit or adversely affect her child.
Using rickets and bone mineralisation, folate metabolism, and protein-energy malnutrition as examples, we address the assessment of nutritional status by discussing frequently used definitions, and how these are derived and applied. You will consider causative factors and preventive strategies relevant to the problem of malnutrition in children, including breastfeeding and complementary feeding, overnutrition, and food security.
Finally, you will explore the clinical diagnosis of protein-energy malnutrition within the framework of the WHO Training Manual on Protein Energy Malnutrition. This is taught using lectures, group work and directed self-study, including selected on-line resources and videos.